IN NUMBERS: How much trade does Norway have with Russia? 

Prior to the introduction of sanctions and countersanctions triggered by the invasion of Ukraine, trade between Norway and Russia had been increasing considerably year on year, according to figures from Statistics Norway. 

Steel workers in Germany.
Steel was among Norway's most significant imports from Russia. Pictured is a file photo of an employee in a hall with coils of cold-rolled steel at the ThyssenKrupp plant in Duisburg, western Germany on November 16, 2021 Photo by Ina FASSBENDER / AFP.

The import of Russian goods into Norway increased by almost 60 percent between 2020 and 2021, figures from Statistics Norway have found

Additionally, since 2017 imports have almost doubled from 12.7 billion kroner of goods to 21.8 billion kroner worth of goods last year. 

Among the goods Norway imports from Russia are food, metals, fuels and chemical products. Other significant imports from across the border are aluminium and tyres. Aluminium and tyres accounted for more than 6 billion kroner worth of imports last year. 

Norway has a trade deficit with Russia, meaning it imports more goods than it exports. Last year, the country exported 3.7 billion kroner worth of goods to Russia. This meant that it imported around six times more goods than it exported. 

Animal feed was Norway’s most significant Russian export. Other exported goods include machinery, fish and transportation. 

READ MORE: How Norway’s border with Russia could be affected by the invasion of Ukraine

Prior to 2014, when an import ban on Norwegian fish was introduced as a reaction to sanctions imposed on Russia following the annexation of Crimea, fish was Norway’s most significant export to Russia. 

In 2013, the country exported 6.5 billion kroner of fish to Russia. 

On March 15th, the EU introduced a new round of sanctions against Russia designed to impact the steel industry. Russia has responded with a list of 200 different products that it will no longer export

This is likely to have a knock-on in Norway, which imported 33,000 tonnes of steel from Russia last year. 

Sindre Finnes from the Federation of Norwegian Industries has said that the impact of the sanctions can be felt in Norway already. 

“Due to sanctions against Russia, we are missing many metals,” he told public broadcaster NRK

Helge Runer, managing director of steel wholesaler Norsk Stål, said that they had received an unprecedented amount of inquiries from foreign firms in need of steel. 

“We have received so many calls from foreign companies on a desperate hunt for steel. We have never experienced anything like it before,” Runer told finance and business publication Dagens Næringsliv.

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