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NORWEGIAN CITIZENSHIP

QUIZ: See if you would pass a Norwegian citizenship test?

Would you pass the Norwegian citizenship test if you took it today? See how many of these questions you can answer and you'll get an idea.

Would you pass the test?
Would you pass the test? Photo by Rune Mathisen/ Flickr.

Passing the citizenship test will get you one step closer to becoming eligible to apply for a Norwegian passport. The test includes questions on history and geography, democracy and welfare, education, health and working life in Norway.

A little unsure over what to expect? Don’t worry; we’ve got you covered.

The Local has prepared 20 sample questions from Kompetanse Norge along with answers that will help you practice for the actual test. It will also give you a better idea of what kind of facts, trivia and knowledge you should be brushing up on.

Remember, for the test to be valid as part of your application for Norwegian citizenship, it must be taken in either Nynorsk or Bokmål. Good luck!

Sample Questions

  • Hvor kan man søke om godkjenning av utenlandsk utdanning? – Where can one get approval for schooling and education that was done outside of Norway?

AnswerFor approval of higher education taken outside of Norway, you can contact the Nasjonalt organ for kvalitet i utdanningen (NOKUT) or “the National Agency for Quality Assurance in Education”. NOKUT is an independent expert body under the Ministry of Education and Research. You can find more information about this organization here.

  • Hva heter den lengste fjorden i Norge? – What is the name of the longest fjord in Norway?

Answer: The longest fjord in Norway is Sognefjord. The Sognefjord extends 204 km from the foot of the Jostedalsbreen glacier in the Jotunheimen National Park. It is also the deepest fjord reaching down to 4,291 feet at its deepest points.

  • Hvilket år fikk samene sitt eget sameting? – What year did the Sami get their own parliament?

Answer: The year 1989. Although the Sami Parliament was established in 1987, the first official election didn’t happen until 1989. The Sami Parliament replaced the Norwegian Sami Council, which existed between 1964 to 1987. 

  • Hva betyr religionsfrihet? – What does religious freedom mean?

Answer: Religionsfrihet or “religious freedom” is the right to personal freedom to follow any religion. This includes the right to practice the religion or beliefs professed alone or in a community with others. In Norway, you have the right to participate in religious demonstrations, services, or education. However, you also have the right to not partake in any religion and live without a designated faith.

  • Hvor stor andel av barn i Norge bor sammen med begge foreldrene sine? – What percentage of children in Norway live with both of their parents?

Answer: 76 percent of children between the ages of 0 and 17 live with both parents in Norway. 24 percent of children live with one of their parents. This percentage has increased since 1989 when it was 18 percent.

  • Hvor mange år varer grunnskolen i Norge? – How many years is primary school in Norway?

Answer: There is a 10-year obligation to attend primary school in Norway. Traditionally, children begin their primary education at six years of age and are finished by the time they are 16 years old. There are 2,799 primary schools in the country of Norway, but the size of them depends very much on where in the country you are living. 

  •  Hvem har rett til å ta ut skilsmisse? – Who has the right to file for divorce?

Answer: Both partners in a marriage have the right to file for divorce. There doesn’t need to be an explanation given for the separation. But as a rule, partners must have been separated for at least a year before they file for divorce. 

  • Hva er kontantstøtte? – What is kontantstøtte, or ‘money support’?

Answer: Kontantstøtte, or “financial support”, is a part of the welfare scheme for parents who have a child between the ages of one to two years that is not enrolled in preschool full-time. If your child is adopted, then you have the right to receive financial support after they are two years old.

  • Hvem har rett til fastlege? – Who has the right to see a general practitioner?

Answer: All persons in the population register who have the status of resident in a Norwegian municipality have the right to a GP. It is your responsibility to choose your GP, as well as your children’s GP.  

  • Hvem får gratis behandling hos tannlege? – Who gets free treatment with a dentist?

Answer:  In Norway, you can visit the dentist free of charge until you are 18. This includes all treatments except for teeth straightening treatments, such as getting braces. 

  • Hvor mye må gravide kvinner betale for svangerskapskontroller? – How much do pregnant women have to pay for a pregnancy-related doctor’s appointment?

Answer: All medical appointments in the public health system concerning pregnancy are free of cost. This is an effort to make sure pregnant women get the best treatment, follow-up, and advice without having financial concerns. You can choose to go to your GP or be assigned a midwife throughout the forty weeks of pregnancy. 

  • Hvor mye betaler man hos tannlegen hvis man er mellom 18 og 20 år? – How much does one have to pay at the dentist if they are between the ages of 18 and 20?

Answer: Between the ages of 18 and 20 years, one pays 25 percent of the total costs of a dentist visit or treatments. This means the state covers 75 percent of the total bill. It is the patient’s responsibility to make appointment times with their chosen dentist. So don’t wait around for a reminder in the post.

  • Hvem får tilbud om gratis vaksiner i vaksinasjonsprogrammet? – Who is eligible for free vaccines under the vaccination program?

Answer: Children between the ages of 0 and 16 who are registered as living in Norway can be a part of the vaccination program free of charge. Here is an outline of when and what vaccinations are a part of the program. 

Note that if you are over the age of 18, the coronavirus vaccine is also free of charge to anyone registered in Norway.

  • Hva er skolefritidsordning/aktivitetsskole? – What is activity school?

Answer: Activity school is an after school program that offers an alternative learning arena that supports Norwegian public schools learning guidelines. It also provides space for physical activity or play. Depending on where you live in Norway, activity school may be free of charge, or parents have to pay for a spot for their children. 

  • Hva koster det å gå på offentlig grunnskole? – How much does it cost to go to a public primary school?

Answer:  Primary school for both the parents and children attending school is free of charge. This is to provide equal education rights for all students no matter their social, ethnic, or economic background. 

  • Hvor kan man søke om stipend og lån til utdanning? – Where can one apply for a stipend or loan for education?

Answer: Current students and future students can apply for a grant or loan through Lånekassen. This loan is meant for students to have enough money for food, accommodation, and educational materials while they study. For more information about the types of loans and grants, you can receive, look here.

  • Omtrent hvor mange prosent av voksne i Norge har høyere utdanning? – Roughly what percent of adults in Norway have attended or have attended higher education?

Answer: 34 percent of residents in Norway have a higher educational degree. This is a relatively low percentage compared to Norway’s Savndinavian neighbour’s, Sweden (44 percent) and Denmark (40 percent).  

  • Hva kaller vi en interesseorganisasjon for arbeidstakere? – What do we call an interest organization for employees?

Answer:  An interest organization for employees is called a fagforeningThere are many different organizations, and your choice of work is likely covered by at least one organization. A fagforening often offers discounts to local establishments, provides professional guidance, and can step in if there are problems in the workplace. 

  • Når fant man olje i Norge for første gang? – When did Norway first discover oil?

Answer: Norway first discovered oil in 1969. The first oil well was drilled in 1966, but it was dry. Nevertheless, this discovery has contributed a significant amount of economic growth to the modern-day welfare state. 

  • Hvor lang er en normal arbeidsuke? – How long is a normal work week?

Answer:  A full-time job in Norway is considered to consist of 37,5 work hours per week. Many positions allow for flexible working hours, or flexitid. While others, such as shift work, require employees to follow set working hours. 

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READER QUESTIONS

Do children born in Norway automatically get citizenship?

A Norwegian passport comes with many benefits, and the country allows dual citizenship. So, what are the rules for the children of foreign nationals born in Norway? 

Do children born in Norway automatically get citizenship?

Norway opened the door to dual citizenship two years ago, meaning foreign residents could become citizens of the country without giving up their existing passport. 

Norwegian citizenship comes with a number of benefits, whether it’s the right to vote, being automatically enrolled into the Norwegian National Insurance Scheme, or simply having a Norwegian passport, one of the most powerful travel documents available. 

READ MORE: 

Some may assume that because their children were born in Norway, they will be entitled to citizenship automatically. However, this isn’t the case and not all children born in Norway automatically become Norwegian citizens.  

If both parents are foreign nationals

Children who are born to two parents who are foreign nationals and who are not citizens of Norway do not automatically become citizens. 

Instead, parents will need to apply for a residence permit if the parents are from outside the EU or European Economic Area (EEA), register the child as an EU/EEA national if they are nationals from within the EU/EEA, or apply for a residence permit under the family immigration rules

If you are required to apply for residence for the child, you will need to do so before they turn one. 

Those who are adopted, are under 18  and have an adoption licence issued by Norwegian authorities automatically become Norwegian citizens if they were adopted after September 1st 2006. 

To be eligible for citizenship, if both parents are non-Norwegian citizens, the child will need to be over 12, live in Norway and plan on living in the Scandinavian country in the future. They will also need to have lived in Norway for five of the past seven years and held residence permits valid for more than a year each. Those over 15 will need to apply for a criminal record certificate. You must also fulfil all the permanent residency requirements while the UDI process your application. This means you must not have been outside of Norway for a total of ten months in the last five years. 

Children over 16 will need to have completed mandatory training in the Norwegian language and passed the concluding tests, or if they have received a final assessment grade in Norwegian at secondary school or upper secondary school, they can apply to the municipality for an exemption. 

You can apply here. Application fees for children under 18 are waived. There will also be an ID check to confirm your identity. 

As the applicant is under 18 the parent will be applying on the child’s behalf. 

If one parent is a Norwegian citizen

Children with one parent who is a Norwegian citizen and born after September 1st 2006 automatically become Norwegian citizens at birth.

This applies regardless of whether the child was born abroad or if the parents were married at the time. 

The rules are tighter for offspring born before September 1st 2006, though. Those born before this date are Norwegian citizens from birth if their mother was Norwegian, or their father was Norwegian and married to the mother before the birth, or if the father died before birth, was Norwegian and was married to the mother at the time of his death. 

However, those born to a Norwegian father but who aren’t automatically citizens can become citizens relatively easily by handing in a notification of Norwegian citizenship. You can do this in Norway or from abroad. 

Those born before 1979 will need to contact the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration (UDI), as per the immigration directorate’s advice

If I become a Norwegian citizen after my child is born, do my children qualify for Norwegian citizenship? 

Children under 18 can also apply for citizenship if their parents have become Norwegian since the child was born or are applying for Norwegian citizenship. 

When the parent is applying for citizenship, the parent’s and child’s applications can be lodged together. Joint applications also require the parent to meet the citizenship requirements that apply to them

Under these circumstances, the child must have resided in Norway for the past two years and held residence permits that were each valid for at least one year. To qualify as having stayed in Norway for two years, the child must not have been abroad for more than two months per calendar year for two years. These rules apply to children aged between two and 18. 

The rules for children younger than two are slightly different

We moved to Norway after our child was born, what are the citizenship rules for them? 

Children under 18 and over 12 can apply for citizenship. They must live in the country full time, have a valid resident permit when they apply and whilst the application is processed.

They must have also been a full time resident of Norway for five of the last seven years. In addition to this, applicants over 15 must submit a criminal record certificate and meet the requirements for permanent residence. 

If one or both of the parents is a Nordic citizen and the child has lived in Norway for two years you can apply once you are over the age of 12.

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