May 17th: A guide to how Norway celebrates its national day

Marie Peyre
Marie Peyre - [email protected]
May 17th: A guide to how Norway celebrates its national day
A 1993 photo of young Norwegians celebrating May 17th. Photo: Terje Bendiksby/NTB/SCANPIX

Norway marks its national day on Monday May 17th but celebrations are once again slightly muted due to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. Here we explain how the country commemorates the day it signed its constitution in 1814.


May 17th, or constitution day, commemorates the signing of Norway’s constitution in 1814 and which declared the country as independent.
For the first time in three years, Norway will mark its national day of celebration, Constitution Day, without pandemic restrictions. Here's what you need to know about the day of celebration.
Get up early
Celebrations kick off early for Norway's national day, so forget about having a lie in on the day. Whether it's the cannons being fired at dawn, the 'buekorps' (boys and girls brigades) enthusiastically banging their drums through the streets of Bergen or the children's parades getting under way in Oslo and other towns and cities, expect an early start, and high noise levels throughout the day.
May 17th marching band. Norway's national day normally means getting up early. Pictured is a May17th marching band. Photo: Marie Peyre.
Dress appropriately
Norwegians like to dress casually at any other time, but on May 17th, they do smarten up. Many (women in particular) proudly don the local 'bunad', the traditional costume, of which there are over 200 different kinds in Norway. Those who don't still dress smartly (this means a suit for men, or at the very least a jacket).


Sportswear and casual clothes, so popular any other time of the year, are a no-no, and although allowances are made for foreigners, it is worth making an effort to blend in. 
Norwegians will be wearing Bunads on May 17th. Pictured is a children's parade. Photo: Marie Peyre.
Fly the flag
On 17 May Norwegians paint the town red... and white, and blue. The flag is indeed a big part of the celebrations, and your party kit is not complete without one. Thankfully cheap flags can be bought pretty much everywhere in the days before the event, from local supermarkets to discount shops and many other places, so just get one and join in. 
Norwegian scouts carrying Norway's flags. Norwegian scouts carrying Norway's flags. Photo by Marie Peyre

Photo: Marie Peyre
Brace yourself for queues
To get a drink. To get a bite to eat. To go to the loo. On public transport. On packed roads. Plan accordingly. 

Photo: Marie Peyre
Book your table well in advance
While many Norwegians will grab a 'pølse i brød' (hot dog) or an ice-cream while out and about on the day (it has indeed become a bit of a tradition for many), lots will also sit down for a proper lunch, and many hotels and restaurants offer special May 17th menus.
If you really want to make a day of it and enjoy Norway's Constitution Day in style, make sure to book well in advance at your chosen restaurant. Just turning up on the day is bound to bring disappointment.
Photo: Marie Peyre
Pack an umbrella
Spring can be unpredictable in Norway. You might get a glorious, sunny warm day, or it might be cold, grey and windy. Each year, speculations as to what the weather will be like on May 17th make for lively conversation topics earlier on in the month. Snow has even been known to fall on May 17th. So don't assume anything, check the weather forecast and pack an umbrella just in case. Better be safe than sorry. 


Snap away
May 17th celebrations are really something unique, and this is a very special time to be visiting Norway. Great photo opportunities abound on the day. Make sure you bring your camera (or at least make sure your mobile is fully charged, with plenty of available storage). 
A russetog, or russ parade. Russ is where final year high school students in Norway party for around a month in the lead up to May 17th. Photo by Marie Peyre.

Photo: Marie Peyre
Learn to say 'Gratulerer med dagen'
That's how Norwegians greet each other on the day. This can be roughly translated as 'Congratulations on this special day'. It also means 'Happy birthday'. Which is a bit confusing for foreigners, but kind of makes sense, as this is the anniversary of Norway's constitution, which was signed at Eidsvoll on May 17th 1814. 
This article was first published in 2017.


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