Norwegian children warm up for a kids' marathon in Oslo. Photo: Berit Roald / Scanpix
Norwegian kids ranked fourth in a study conducted by the University of North Dakota (UND) and the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario that examined the aerobic fitness levels of children and youth. The study centred around the so-called beep test, a 20-metre shuttle run that is among the most commonly used fitness indicators in the world.
Some 1.1 million kids between the ages of nine and 17 had their beep test results analyzed to draw conclusions about children’s fitness levels in the 50 countries examined.
“If all the kids in the world were to line up for a race, the average Norwegian child would finish at the front of the pack, placed fourth out of 50,” Grant Tomkinson, the senior author of the study, told The Local.
Tomkinson, an associate professor of kinesiology at the UND College of Education & Human Development and senior author of the study, said that the children’s aerobic fitness results are “very insightful to overall population health” but acknowledged that the results don’t necessarily paint a complete picture.
“We didn’t have good international data on diet,” he said. “Because we examined between-country differences in fitness we were interested in broad socio-economic correlates. Obesity was a weak negative correlate with fitness in developed countries (fatter countries fared worse), climate was a strong positive correlate in developed countries (hotter countries fared better), and income inequality was a strong negative correlate in developed countries (more equal countries fared better).”
Norway was topped only by Tanzania, Iceland and Estonia. Norway’s southern neighbour Denmark ranked sixth while Sweden was in the middle of the pack at 26th.
The United States placed near the very bottom at number 47 out of 50 and Tomkinson said that the strong overall performance of Nordic countries was interesting from an American point of view “because we can always learn from countries with fit kids”.
“We know that Scandinavian countries have very good physical activity infrastructure and government strategies and investments, as does the US, but poor overall physical activity levels, also like the US, despite having better participation rates in organized sport and active transportation like cycling or walking to and from school than the US,” he told The Local.
“They are also leaner that US kids which means it is easier for them to move their body through space and run over long distances,” he added.
The results of the study, which Tomkinson said is the largest of its kind, were recently published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.