Russia accuses Norway of ignoring Svalbard deal

Russia’s Foreign Ministry has accused Norway of violating the principles of the 1920 Spitzbergen Treaty after it brought in new regulations allowing it to deport undesirable people staying on the Svalbard archipelago.

Russia accuses Norway of ignoring Svalbard deal
Russian deputy PM Dmitry Rogozin during his visit in April.
The moved followed a provocative visit to Svalbard in April by Russia’s Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, who is banned from entering the European Union under the sanctions regime brought in following Russia’s annexation of Crimea. 
Last Friday, Norway enacted new rules allowing it to report unwelcome Russian visitors. 
“The Norwegian side’s actions do not conform to the spirit of international cooperation in Spitsbergen, based on the Spitsbergen Treaty of 1920,” the Russian ministry said in its statement. “We strongly protest against this unfriendly step and demand the immediate revision of the imposed restrictions.” 
The Russian government argued that under the 1920 treaty, Russians and Norwegians should have equal access to the islands. 


Norway digitally freezes national treasures and stores them in Arctic archive

Norway’s National Museum has preserved some of the country’s most treasured artefacts digitally and stored them in a former mine on Arctic archipelago Svalbard.

Norway digitally freezes national treasures and stores them in Arctic archive
Photo: Bartek Luks on Unsplash

The Arctic World Archive was originally constructed in 2017 to “protect the world’s most important cultural relics”, the National Museum said on its website.

The data preservation facility is located on the island of Spitsbergen, part of the Svalbard archipelago, not far from the Svalbard Global Seed Vault.

The National Museum has now placed its entire collection of around 400,000 items as digital copies on plastic film rolls, which are to be stored at the Longyearbyen site.

“The dry, cold and low-oxygen air gives optimal conditions for storing digital archives and the film rolls will have a lifetime of around 1,000 years in the archive,” the museum writes. Emissions emitted by the archive are low due to its low energy consumption.

Offline storage of the archives also insures them against cyber attacks, the museum said.

In addition to all data from the National Museum collection database, high-resolution digital images of works by selected artists are included in the archive.

Works to be stored include ‘The Scream’ by Edvard Munch, ‘Winter Night in the Mountains’ by Harald Sohlberg, the Baldishol Tapestry and Queen Maud’s ball dress.

“At the National Museum we have works from antiquity until today. We work with the same perspective on the future. The collection is not only ours, but also belongs to the generations after us,” National Museum director Karin Hindsbo said via the museum’s website.

“By storing a copy of the entire collection in the Arctic World Archive, we are making sure the art will be safe for many centuries,” Hindsbo added.

In addition to the Norwegian artefacts, organisations from 15 other countries are represented in the archive, including national museums in Mexico, Brazil and India; the Vatican library, Sweden’s Moderna Museet and Unicef.

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