Russia ended the games with 33 medals, 13 of which were gold, compared to Norway's 26 medals and 11 golds.
"These were excellent Games that may lead to the reversal of some criticism of the Russian organisers that preceded the Olympics," Thomas Bach, President of the International Olympic Committee, said after a breathtaking closing ceremony.
Ole Einar Bjørndalen, the biathlete who on Thursday won the 13th medal of his career, making him the most decorated Winter Olympian ever, carried the Norwegian flag in the lavish closing ceremony on Sunday.
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In the ceremony, Russia's organisers made a playful reference to the only major glitch in its impressive opening ceremony, with the dancers forming the fifth of the Olympic rings, pausing briefly before fanning out fully.