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PATERNITY

Ending paternity quota would cut male leave

Conservative proposals to end Norway's 10-week paternity quote would cause a sharp drop the number of fathers taking leave and increase inequality in the home, according to a University of Oslo researcher.

Ending paternity quota would cut male leave
Men with baby: Elvert Barnes
"It is very likely that far fewer men will take paternity leave if the proposal is implemented. It would most likely lead to more unequal division of labour in the home," said Andreas Kotsadam, a post-doctoral researcher. 
 
New research undertaken by Kotsadam, based on extensive interviews of 17-year-olds, showed that boys born after the introduction of the quota in 1993 did much more housework than those born previously. 
 
"Our interviews show that children born just after paternity leave scheme was introduced had a much more even distribution of housework than other children," he told the Vårt Land newspaper.
 
Conservative spokesperson Erna Solberg dismissed Kotsadam's argument, saying that he underestimated how entrenched paternity leave, or 'pappapermisjon' had become in Norway. 
 
"I think that 19 years of paternity leave has changed society and that Norway is now ripe for an optional scheme," she said. "I think men will take paternity leave even after we make the scheme optional." 
 
Both the Conservatives and their allies the Progress Party have said they will scrap the use-it-or-lose-it quota if they win the general election this autumn.

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SPYING

Norway summons US embassy top official over spying claims

Norway said Thursday it had summoned the US embassy's top official in Oslo to lodge an official protest following a report that Washington had spied on Norwegian and other European leaders.

Norway summons US embassy top official over spying claims
Norway's Prime Minister Erna Solberg gestures as she speaks at the official NATO outreach event, 'Nato Engages' in central London. Tobias SCHWARZ / AFP

The meeting was held between the Ministry of Defence and the US embassy’s top official. 

“The defence ministry held a meeting with the US embassy in Oslo today where we made it clear that spying on allies is unacceptable and unnecessary,” Norway’s Defence Minister Frank Bakke-Jensen said on Twitter.

The ministry said the US charge d’affaires — Richard Riley, according to the embassy’s website — was the person who attended the meeting with a senior Norwegian official.

The US embassy is currently without an ambassador.

A tweet from Norway’s Ministry of Defence. Source Twitter @Forsvarsdep

In an investigative report on Sunday, Danish public broadcaster DR revealed together with several other European media outlets that the US National Security Agency (NSA) had eavesdropped on Danish underwater internet cables from 2012 to 2014 to spy on top politicians in Germany, Sweden, Norway and France

The NSA was able to access text messages, telephone calls and internet traffic including searches, chats and messaging services — including those of Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel, then-foreign minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier and then-opposition leader Peer Steinbrück, DR said.

READ MORE: Europe demands answers after US-Danish spying claims

 “I’m pleased that the Americans clearly said that they changed their practices in 2014 when it comes to the monitoring of allies, and that they want to cooperate with us and others to chart what happened,” Norwegian news agency NTB quoted Norwegian Prime Minister Erna Solberg as saying.

“We summoned the US embassy in Oslo today to follow up on this,” she added.

 According to NTB, Solberg also held talks on Thursday with her Danish counterpart Mette Frederiksen.

“I reiterated that we consider espionage against close friends and allies unacceptable and unnecessary,” she said.

US eavesdropping on European leaders is, however, not new.

In 2013, former NSA contractor Edward Snowden revealed thousands of classified documents exposing the vast US surveillance put in place after the September 11th, 2001 attacks.

Among other things, the documents showed the US government was spying on its own citizens and carrying out widespread tapping worldwide, including of Merkel’s mobile phone.

However, if the Danish-US spying is confirmed, it went on during and after the 2013 Snowden affair.

In 2014, following the Snowden scandal, a secret internal working group at FE began looking into whether the NSA had used a Danish-US spying collaboration — called XKeyscore — to spy on Denmark’s allies, DR said.

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