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BREIVIK

Why Norway’s maximum sentence is just 21 years

Norway's maximum prison sentence is 21 years, after it abolished life in prison in 1971 as part of its goal of rehabilitating and reintegrating criminals into society, a Norwegian law professor told AFP.

Mass murderer Anders Behring Breivik was handed the maximum sentence on Friday after an Oslo court found him sane and guilty of "acts of terror" for his Oslo bombing and shooting massacre that left 77 people dead in July last year.

A Norwegian anti-terrorism law from 2009 raises the maximum sentence to 30 years but the new law has yet to take force.

Outside Norway, Friday's sentence was seen by many as mild.

But Breivik's imprisonment can be extended indefinitely as long as he is considered a threat to society.

"It reflects Norway's culture. The goal of the judiciary system is to ultimately have a rehabilitation of criminals," Jo Stigen, a criminal law professor at Oslo University, told AFP.

He said most Norwegians do not think the legal system treated Breivik mildly.

"It's psychologically satisfying that he got the maximum sentence. That's a strong signal to society," he said.

A poll in daily Verdens Gang on Friday showed that 62 percent of Norwegians are convinced that Breivik "will never be a free man."

If that turns out to be the case, Breivik would be a very unique inmate in Norway. According to Stigen, no Norwegian prisoner has currently been detained for more than 21 years.

Another Oslo University professor, Hans Petter Graver, said however it was possible Breivik could walk free in less than 21 years.

"The main principle behind the Norwegian system is not for people to spend their life in prison but for them to be reintegrated into society," he told daily Dagbladet online.

"Nobody knows how Breivik will have evolved in 15, 20 years…. Society also evolves over time," he added.

Norway abolished life in prison in 1971, adapting its legislation to reflect reality. "Lifetime hadn't been used for a long time," Stigen explained.

The country then had to reinstate life sentences for crimes against humanity and genocide to respect its international obligations, though no Norwegian has yet been prosecuted for those crimes.

Breivik's massacre has not sparked a debate on the death penalty in Norway, where the last case of capital punishment dates back to 1948 as part of post-World War II executions, according to Amnesty International.

For civilian criminals, the death penalty was abolished in 1905.

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BREIVIK

Norway mosque shooter ‘has admitted the facts’: Police

A Norwegian man suspected of killing his step sister and opening fire in a mosque near Oslo last weekend, has admitted to the crimes though he has not officially entered a plea, police said on Friday.

Norway mosque shooter 'has admitted the facts': Police
Philip Manshaus appears in court on August 12. Photo: Cornelius Poppe / NTB Scanpix / AFP
Philip Manshaus, 21, was remanded in custody Monday, suspected of murder and a “terrorist act” that police say he filmed himself committing.
   
Answering police questions on Friday, “the suspect admits the facts but has not taken a formal position as to the charges,” Oslo police official Pal-Fredrik Hjort Kraby said in a statement.
   
Manshaus is suspected of murdering his 17-year-old step sister Johanne Zhangjia Ihle-Hansen, before entering the Al-Noor mosque in an affluent Oslo suburb and opening fire before he was overpowered by a 65-year-old man.
   
Just three worshippers were in the mosque at the time, and there were no serious injuries.
   
Manshaus appeared in court this week with two black eyes and scrapes and bruises to his face, neck and hands.
   
Police have said he has “extreme right views” and “xenophobic positions” and that he had filmed the mosque attack with a camera mounted on a helmet. He had initially denied the accusations.
   
The incident came amid a rise in white supremacy attacks around the world, including the recent El Paso massacre in the United States.
   
Norway witnessed one of the worst-ever attacks by a rightwing extremist in July 2011, when Anders Behring Breivik, who said he feared a “Muslim invasion”, killed 77 people in a truck bomb blast near government offices in Oslo and a shooting spree at a Labour Party youth camp on the island of Utøya.