Key events since the Norway massacre

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12:33 CEST+02:00
Following are the key events since Anders Behring Breivik killed 77 people in twin attacks in Norway last year, culminating with the Oslo court's verdict Friday finding him sane and sentenced to 21 years in prison.


July 22

Right-wing extremist Anders Behring Breivik sets off a bomb near the government building in Oslo, killing eight people and injuring dozens of others. He then goes on a more than hour-long shooting rampage on the nearby island of Utøya, where the ruling Labour Party's youth wing is hosting a summer camp.

He kills 69 people on the island, most of them teenagers, before he is arrested.

July 25

Breivik appears before a judge for the first time and is remanded in custody.

Norway observes a minute of silence and between 150,000 and 200,000 people march in Oslo carrying roses, the symbol of the Labour Party, to commemorate the victims.

August 12

The government creates a commission tasked with determining what lessons to draw from the carnage. It is set to present its conclusions on August 13th 2012.

August 19 and 20

Survivors of the Utøya massacre and loved ones of those who died there are for the first time permitted to visit the island.

August 21

Norway holds an emotional commemoration for the victims.

September 12

The populist anti-immigration Progress Party, of which Breivik had once been a member, suffers a severe setback in Norway's first elections -- local -- since the massacre.

November 29

Two court-appointed psychiatric experts conclude that Breivik is psychotic, suffering from "paranoid schizophrenia", which means he should be locked up in a psychiatric institution rather than prison.


January 13

Amid continued controversy over the results of the first evaluation, the Oslo district court orders a new psychiatric examination of Breivik.


Breivik is placed under all but constant observation by psychiatric experts over a period of three weeks at the Ila prison, near Oslo.

March 7

Norwegian prosecutors formally charge Breivik with committing "acts of terror".

March 15

Norwegian police apologize for failing to arrest Breivik sooner.

April 10

The second team of court-appointed psychiatric experts says it has seen no signs that Breivik is psychotic and concludes he is criminally sane. But this assessment is not approved by the forensic psychiatric commission.

April 16

Breivik's trial opens with him pleading not guilty.

April 26

Some 40,000 Norwegians march in Oslo, carrying roses and singing a children's song hated by Breivik.

May 11

The brother of a young Iraqi Kurd killed on Utøya throws a shoe at Breivik in court, but misses him.

June 21

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The prosecution says Breivik's sanity has not been proven beyond a reasonable doubt and call for him to be locked up in a psychiatric ward instead of prison.

June 22

On the last day of his trial, Breivik insists his attacks were justified and demands his acquittal, while his lawyers argue he is sane and call for him to receive the "mildest possible" prison term.

July 22

Ceremonies are held to commemorate the first anniversary of the attacks.

August 13

An independent commission submits a scathing review of the authorities' response to the attacks, saying they could have prevented the Oslo bombing and arrested Breivik sooner as he carried out his shooting spree on Utøya.

August 16

The head of Norway's police resigns after the damning report on the authorities' handling of the attacks.

August 24

The Oslo district court finds Breivik sane and sentences him to 21 years in prison, to be extended if he is still considered a threat to society after that.

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