Half of Norwegians don’t want more immigrants

Attitudes towards immigrants have softened slightly in the last two years, a new study shows, but almost half of Norwegians still see major room for improvement in the integration process.

Half of Norwegians don't want more immigrants
Oslo schoolchildren in a Constitution Day parade, May 17th (Photo: Vegard Grøtt/Scanpix)

Some 46 percent of Norwegians believe the integration process is functioning quite badly or very badly, according to the latest “integration barometer”.

Two years ago, this figure was three percentage points higher. In 2005, however, just 37 percent of respondents expressed dissatisfaction with how immigrants were adapting to life in Norway.  

Similarly, 46 percent of respondents were opposed to the idea of letting more immigrants into Norway. This too represented an improvement in attitudes towards immigrants: in 2010, 53 percent were opposed to welcoming more newcomers, newspaper Aftenposten reports.

Slightly more than a third of the 1,400 people who took part in the survey said they regarded immigration as a serious threat to commonly held Norwegian values. In 2010, the last time the survey was carried out by the the Directorate of Integration and Diversity, the equivalent figure was ten points higher.

In a further example of a slight improvement in attitudes towards new arrivals, 40 percent said they were sceptical of people with Islamic beliefs, a figure that was 11 points lower than in 2010.

A clear majority said immigrants themselves should bear the responsibility for their own integration, by taking measures such as finding work and learning Norwegian.

More than half of respondents were critical of efforts by government agencies and the general public to help immigrants integrate.

The survey also showed that 40 percent of respondents would find it difficult to live in an area with a large immigrant population, although 80 percent said children benefited from attending schools with pupils from other cultures.

Norway is home to a total of 650,000 first and second-generation immigrants, a figure that has more than doubled since 2000.

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How the EU aims to reform border-free Schengen area

European countries agreed on Thursday to push towards a long-stalled reform of the bloc's migration system, urging tighter control of external borders and better burden-sharing when it comes to asylum-seekers.

How the EU aims to reform border-free Schengen area
European interior ministers met in the northern French city of tourcoing, where president Emmanuel Macron gave a speech. Photo: Yoat Valat/AFP

The EU home affairs commissioner Ylva Johansson, speaking after a meeting of European interior ministers, said she welcomed what she saw as new momentum on the issue.

In a reflection of the deep-rooted divisions on the issue, France’s Interior Minister Gérald Darmanin – whose country holds the rotating EU presidency – said the process would be “gradual”, and welcomed what he said was unanimous backing.

EU countries backed a proposal from French President Emmanuel Macron to create a council guiding policy in the Schengen area, the passport-free zone used by most EU countries and some affiliated nations such as Switzerland and Norway.

Schengen council

Speaking before the meeting, Macron said the “Schengen Council” would evaluate how the area was working but would also take joint decisions and facilitate coordination in times of crisis.

“This council can become the face of a strong, protective Europe that is comfortable with controlling its borders and therefore its destiny,” he said.

The first meeting is scheduled to take place on March 3rd in Brussels.

A statement released after the meeting said: “On this occasion, they will establish a set of indicators allowing for real time evaluation of the situation at our borders, and, with an aim to be able to respond to any difficulty, will continue their discussions on implementing new tools for solidarity at the external borders.”

Step by step

The statement also confirmed EU countries agreed to take a step-by-step approach on plans for reforming the EU’s asylum rules.

“The ministers also discussed the issues of asylum and immigration,” it read.

“They expressed their support for the phased approach, step by step, put forward by the French Presidency to make headway on these complex negotiations.

“On this basis, the Council will work over the coming weeks to define a first step of the reform of the European immigration and asylum system, which will fully respect the balance between the requirements of responsibility and solidarity.”

A planned overhaul of EU migration policy has so far foundered on the refusal of countries such as the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia to accept a sharing out of asylum-seekers across the bloc.

That forces countries on the EU’s outer southern rim – Italy, Greece, Malta and Spain – to take responsibility for handling irregular migrants, many of whom are intent on making their way to Europe’s wealthier northern nations.

France is pushing for member states to commit to reinforcing the EU’s external borders by recording the details of every foreign arrival and improving vetting procedures.

It also wants recalcitrant EU countries to financially help out the ones on the frontline of migration flows if they do not take in asylum-seekers themselves.

Johansson was critical of the fact that, last year, “45,000 irregular arrivals” were not entered into the common Eurodac database containing the fingerprints of migrants and asylum-seekers.

Earlier, German Interior Minister Nancy Faeser suggested her country, France and others could form a “coalition of the willing” to take in asylum-seekers even if no bloc-wide agreement was struck to share them across member states.

She noted that Macron spoke of a dozen countries in that grouping, but added that was probably “very optimistic”.

Luxembourg’s foreign minister, Jean Asselborn, hailed what he said was “a less negative atmosphere” in Thursday’s meeting compared to previous talks.

But he cautioned that “we cannot let a few countries do their EU duty… while others look away”.

France is now working on reconciling positions with the aim of presenting propositions at a March 3rd meeting on European affairs.