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NOBEL PEACE PRIZE 2011

NOBEL

Women are leaders, not victims: Nobel laureates

The three winners of the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize on Friday dedicated their award to women and their struggle to leave behind the role of victims and instead help lead the world towards democracy and peace.

Women are leaders, not victims: Nobel laureates
Tawakkol Karman (Photo: Matthew Russell Lee)

"I am so proud that I am here. Thank you Nobel Peace Prize Committee for choosing me, as a woman in Yemen, as a woman in the Arab world," said Yemeni 'Arab Spring' activist Tawakkol Karman enthused at a news conference in Oslo.

"You chose women because you know that the period that women appeared as victims has ended. … Now women they are leaders. They are leaders not only of their country or leaders in their struggle, but leaders in the world," said the 32-year-old journalist — the youngest winner of the prize in its 110-year history and the first Arab woman ever to win a Nobel.

"You will see what the new world will be," she added, wearing a white headscarf with dainty red flowers and sitting alongside her fellow laureates, Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Liberian "peace warrior" Leymah Gbowee, a day before the official prize ceremony in the Norwegian capital.

Gbowee, dressed in an embroidered saphire blue dress and matching headdress, also hailed the three women's win as proof that women had finally been given a seat at the table.

"When you talk about Africa and conflicts, the first image that appears is … rape, abuse and exploitation. The last image that comes to their mind is the image of women trying to fight for peace," she said.

"But today, my selection and the selection of my mother Sirleaf and my sister Tawakkol is a reflection and an affirmation that finally the women of Africa, the women of the world, their roles in peace processes has been acknowledged," she said.

"No longer will the world exclude us… the world is finally saying to us: your skills … have been recognised and we are prepared to work with you," added the 39-year-old social worker who led Liberia's women to defy feared warlords during the country's 14-year civil war that ended in 2003.

Gbowee's compatriot Sirleaf, Africa's first democratically elected woman president who last month won a second term, meanwhile said she would accept her prize on behalf of women, "particularly the women in Africa, who have had a subservient role in our society, who (live) sometimes under very, very difficult circumstances."

Despite the towering challenges women face, Sirleaf stressed: "I am here in this position (of president) because of women … who decided it was time for a woman to be in charge."

As for what she plans to do going forward?

"I've got six years to work for the next democratically elected woman president in Africa," she said to thundering applause.

"Maybe Leymah (Gbowee) will try?"

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NOBEL

‘No question’ of stripping Suu Kyi of Nobel Peace Prize: Norway committee

Norway's Nobel Institute said Wednesday it had no intention of withdrawing its Peace Prize from Myanmar's Aung San Suu Kyi after a damning UN report termed the treatment of the Rohingya people as "genocide."

'No question' of stripping Suu Kyi of Nobel Peace Prize:  Norway committee
Aung San Suu Kyi's husband Michael Aris and their sons Kim and Alexander Aris accept her Nobel Prize for her in 1991. Photo: Bjørn Sigurdsøn/NTB Scapix
“There is no question of the Nobel Committee withdrawing the peace prize,” director Olav Njolstad said. “The rules of the Nobel Peace Prize do not allow it,” he added.
   
A UN probe released Monday detailed evidence of genocide and crimes against humanity “perpetrated on a massive scale” against the Rohingya, including acts of rape, sexual violence and mass killings. 
   
At a UN Security Council session on Tuesday, a number of countries — including the United States, Britain, France and Sweden — called for Myanmar's military leaders to be held accountable. 
   
Suu Kyi won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 when she was detained by the military for championing democracy and human rights.
   
She was only allowed to leave Myanmar to recieve the award 21 years later as the military apparently eased its iron grip on the country.
   
As the Rohingya crisis has deepened in the past year with the flight of hundreds of thousands to neighbouring Bangladesh, Suu Kyi has come under increasing international pressure to speak out about their plight.
   
So far however she has said very little and steadfastly avoided any critical comment of Myanmar's military.
   
The Nobel Peace Prize committee had warned last year about the worsening situation in Myanmar and had urged all parties to do “everything possible to end discrimination against and persecution of minorities.”
   
Njolstad repeated that statement, adding: “This call is not any less timely after the UN report.”
   
The Myanmar government on Wednesday bluntly rejected the UN's findings.
   
“We didn't allow the (UN Fact-Finding Mission) to enter into Myanmar, that's why we don't agree and accept any resolutions made by the Human Rights Council,” government spokesman Zaw Htay said, according to the state-run Global New Light of Myanmar newspaper. 
   
He pointed to the formation of Myanmar's own Independent Commission of Enquiry, which he said was set up to respond to “false allegations made by UN agencies and other international communities.”