• Norway edition
 
Breivik pleads 'not guilty' at Oslo court
Photo: Heiko Junge/Scanpix

Breivik pleads 'not guilty' at Oslo court

Published: 16 Apr 2012 10:38 GMT+02:00
Updated: 16 Apr 2012 17:06 GMT+02:00

Prosecutors told the courtroom in Oslo that Breivik was responsible for the bloodiest chapter of modern Norwegian history as they read a roll call of his victims, showed footage of his bombing of government buildings, and played an emergency call from a young woman dodging bullets on the Utøya island.

But while Breivik showed no emotion at the evidence of his killings, his eyes welled up as the court viewed a 12-minute anti-Islam film summarising his manifesto which he posted online the day of the carnage.

"I acknowledge the acts, but not criminal guilt, and I claim legitimate defence," the 33-year-old, who is accused of "acts of terror," told the court.

Breivik, dressed in a dark suit and gold-coloured tie, told the judges he did not "recognise the Norwegian court."

Just moments earlier, he had touched his chest and extended his clenched right fist in front of him as his handcuffs were removed on his entry into the courtroom.

In the 1,500-page manifesto he posted online shortly before the July 22nd attacks, Breivik described the gesture as "the clenched fist salute" of the Knights Templar organisation, of which he claims to be a member but which the prosecution argued does not exist.

The defendant remained stoney-faced for almost an hour as prosecutors read aloud a long list of names of the dead and injured and recalled chilling details of his massacre.

But he then lost his composure when his self-made movie was screened.

His face red with emotion, Breivik's lips trembled and he wiped away tears as photographs of Islamists set to music were projected on a large screen.

Some of the survivors and families of the victims said they did not interpret the tears as remorse.

"I personally feel that him crying was basically him being moved by what he had accomplished. It was not a sign of regret at all," John Kyrre Lars Hestnes of the July 22 Support Group told AFP.

Survivors and victims' relatives fought back tears throughout the proceedings.

On July 22nd, Breivik killed eight people when he set off a bomb in a van parked at the foot of government buildings in Oslo housing the offices of Labour Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg, who was not present at the time.

He then travelled to Utoeya island outside Oslo where, dressed as a police officer, he spent more than an hour methodically shooting at hundreds of people attending a ruling Labour Party youth summer camp.

The shooting spree claimed the lives of 69 people, trapped on the small heart-shaped island surrounded by icy waters. It was the deadliest massacre ever committed by a sole gunman.

Prosecutor Svein Holden played a haunting recording of an emergency call to police placed by a young woman on the island, Renate Taarnes, as bullets whizzed around her.

"Come quickly! ... There's shooting all the time," she whispered desperately.

She breathed heavily and several times spoke in an almost inaudible whisper, saying at one point that the shooter was on his way towards her.

Numerous shots could be heard getting closer in the background.

She survived.

Survivors and relatives of the dead also gasped as previously unreleased surveillance footage was shown of people walking towards Breivik's parked van as it exploded outside the government block.

Four court-appointed psychiatrists sitting in the courtroom -- who have drawn two contradictory conclusions about whether he is sane -- observed Breivik to monitor his reactions.

At one point he smiled broadly as prosecutors recalled elements of his past.

The court also heard Breivik's own calls to police asking to give himself up.

"I have completed my operation and I want to surrender," Breivik said in a calm, polite voice after a first call was cut off.

Before police could arrest him, he went on to kill five more people.

"The accused has committed very serious crimes of a degree we have not seen in our country in modern times," one of the two prosecutors, Inga Bejer Engh, told the court.

He "created fear in the Norwegian population."

In the Utøya massacre, she said "there was panic and fear of death among children and adults."

"He shot at people who were fleeing or hiding, or who he lured out by saying he was a policeman," Engh said, noting that most of the 69 dead were killed by bullets to the head.

Fifty-six of the shooting victims were under the age of 20, and the youngest victim had just celebrated his 14th birthday, she said.

Several relatives of victims cried quietly as they listened to Engh.

The trial was adjourned to Tuesday, when Breivik will start testifying.

It is due to last 10 weeks and focus primarily on whether he is sane and should be sent to prison or a psychiatric ward.

Breivik has previously described his actions as a "cruel but necessary" act of self-defence against those he considered to be "state traitors" for opening Norway up to multiculturalism and allowing the "Muslim invasion" of Europe.

He faces either 21 years in prison -- a sentence that could thereafter be extended indefinitely if he is still considered a threat to society -- or closed psychiatric care, possibly for life.

Breivik wants to be found sane and accountable for his actions so that his ideology and manifesto will not be considered the ravings of a lunatic.

During the trial, "he will not only defend (his actions) but will also lament, I think, not going further," his lawyer Geir Lippestad said last week.

The five judges will have to decide whether he is sane and accountable when they hand down their verdict sometime in July.

Don't miss...X
Left Right

Your comments about this article

Today's headlines
Breivik 'now opposes violence': lawyer
Anders Behring Breivik in court after his sentence announced in 2012. Photo: Heiko Junge / NTB scanpix.

Breivik 'now opposes violence': lawyer

Mass murderer Anders Behring Breivik said he does not support the use of violence anymore, on Tuesday, the third anniversary of the 22nd July massacre in Norway. READ  

3 years on: Norway remembers Utøya

3 years on: Norway remembers Utøya

Many people across Norway will honour the victims of the July 22nd 2011 attack on Oslo and the island of Utøya. READ  

Kare Ingebrigtsen signs as new Rosenborg coach
Kåre Ingebrigtsen (left) and Erik Hoftun (right) make up Rosenborg's new managerial team. Photo: Ned Alley / NTB scanpix

Kare Ingebrigtsen signs as new Rosenborg coach

Rosenborg have employed Kåre Ingebrigtsen as their new club manager to replace Per Joar Hansen who was fired on Monday. READ  

Thrill-seekers in carousel ride terror
View from the Air Lift ride in Kongeparken, near Stavanger. Photo: wongsin Flickr

Thrill-seekers in carousel ride terror

A carousel at an amusement park near Stavanger stopped due to an electrical failure, leaving 20 people helpless over 30 meters above ground on Monday. READ  

Rosenborg sack boss Per Joar Hansen
Per Joar Hansen: No longer Rosenborg's head coach. Photo: Vegard Grøtt / NTB scanpix

Rosenborg sack boss Per Joar Hansen

Norwegian football club Rosenborg fired coach Per Joar Hansen on Monday after defeat in a Europa League qualifying match. READ  

Prince Haakon of Norway celebrates 41st birthday
Crown Prince Haakon and family pose on Dvergsøya, Kristiansand. Photo: Heiko Junge / NTB scanpix.

Prince Haakon of Norway celebrates 41st birthday

Crown Prince Haakon of Norway marked his 41st birthday on Dvergsøya, Kristiansand on Sunday. READ  

Tour de France: Kristoff wins stage 15
A second stage victory of Tour de France 2014 for Norwegian Alexander Kristoff. Photo: Shutterstock

Tour de France: Kristoff wins stage 15

Norwegian Alexander Kristoff won stage 15 of the Tour de France and his second victory in the competition on Sunday. READ  

Man jailed for raping and marrying off daughter
Gjøvik district court ruled against an Iraqi man living in Norway who sexually and violently assaulted members of his family. Photo: Shutterstock

Man jailed for raping and marrying off daughter

A fifty-year-old man living in Norway, has been sentenced to ten years in prison on Friday for raping his daughter and forcing her to marry another man. READ  

World body urges Norway chess Olympics rethink
Reigning world chess champion Magnus Carlsen. Photo: AFP

World body urges Norway chess Olympics rethink

World Chess Federation (Fide) president Kirsan Ilyumzhinov urged the organisers of the upcoming chess Olympics in Norway to reconsider a decision to leave out teams that missed the registration deadline. READ  

Rosenborg suffer shock Europa League loss
Rosenborg's Mikael Dorsin (right) in action against Kieran Djiali and Alan Keane of Sligo Rovers. Photo: Ned Alley/NTB Scanpix

Rosenborg suffer shock Europa League loss

Rosenborg lost 2-1 at home to Irish League minnows Sligo Rovers in the first leg of the second qualifying round for the Europa League on Thursday. READ  

RECEIVE OUR NEWSLETTER AND ALERTS
National
Norway lifts Segway ban
Culture
GALLERY: Ten great songs about Norway
Society
Høie promises to reform sex change law
Education
Norway fjord invaded by monster jellyfish
Culture
VIDEO: Norwegian anti-Facebook film goes viral
Culture
Norway pop duo hits number 4 on US charts
Sport
Norway fan wins big on Suarez bite bet
National
Solberg 'most chatty' leader on Twitter
Culture
British Airways takes 'Slow TV' to the skies
International
Top Norway lawyers back Snowden Nobel
Society
Buy your own Viking warship for just €160,000
Politics
Norway PM beats Candy Crush level 300
Culture
Norway sticks with fårikål as national dish
International
Cold bathing craze leads to teen death
Society
Sweden threatens to 'annex' the ostehøvel
National
Baby squirrels survive cat attack
Society
Norway's 'cushy' prisons spurring foreign cons
National
Half Norwegians overweight: Gates study
International
VIDEO: Jagland doing press-ups in Donetsk
Business & Money
Striking Norway barbers: 'Let your hair grow'
Culture
Rihanna 'hard to please', Norway's Stargate reveal
International
What do Norwegians really think of Swedes?
Culture
'The Scream' appears in a tree stump
Latest news from The Local in Austria

More news from Austria at thelocal.at

Latest news from The Local in Switzerland

More news from Switzerland at thelocal.ch

Latest news from The Local in Germany

More news from Germany at thelocal.de

Latest news from The Local in Denmark

More news from Denmark at thelocal.dk

Latest news from The Local in Spain

More news from Spain at thelocal.es

Latest news from The Local in France

More news from France at thelocal.fr

Latest news from The Local in Italy

More news from Italy at thelocal.it

Latest news from The Local in Sweden

More news from Sweden at thelocal.se

334
jobs available